High School:                               Colegio de Santa Librada, 1958

M.D. Degree:                               Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Valle Cali, Colombia, 1964

Internship:                                   Hospital Universitario, Cali, Colombia, 1963-1964

M.A. Degree:                                Princeton University, 1966

Ph.D. Degree:                               Princeton University, 1967   (BioPsychology)

General Surgery Resident:         Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn NY, 1974-1975

Neurosurgery Resident:             Downstate Medical Center, 1975-1976

Neurosurgery Resident:             Albert Einstein College of Medicine & Montefiore Hospital Medical Center, Bronx NY, 1976-1980

Fellow in Endocrinology:         College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia Univ., Andrew Frantz Service, Oct I- Dec 31, 1977

Fellow in Neurosurgery:            Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France; Prof. Gerard Guiot Service, Feb 1- May 31, 1978


1.        Balagura, S. & Hoebel, B. G. Self-stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus modifiedbyinsulinand glucagon.  Physiol.  Behav., 1967, 2: 337-340.

2.       Balagura, S, & Fibiger, H. C, Tube feeding: intestinal factors in stomach loading, Psychon,Sci.,1968, 10: 373-374.

3.      Balagura, S. Glycemic responses in the control of hypothalamic self-stimulation and

food intake.(abstract).  The Bulletin, New Jersey Acad.  Sci., 1968, 13: 91-92.

4.       Balagura, S. Conditioned glycemic responses in the control of food intake.  J.comp.Physiol.Psychol., 1968, 65: 30-32.

5.        Balagura, S. Influence of osmotic and caloric loads upon the lateral hypothalamic self-stimulation.  J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol., 1968,  66: 325-328.

6.       Balagura, So & Coscina, D. V. Periodicity of food intake in the rat as measured by an operant response.  Physiol.  Behav., 1968, 3: 641-643.

7.       Balagura, S. & Coscina, D. V. The influence of gastrointestinal loads on meal eating patterns. J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol., 1969, 69: 1 101-106.

8.         Balagura, S., Wilcox, R. H. & Coscina, D. V. The effect of diencephalic lesions on food intake and motor activity.  Physiol.  Behav., 1969, 4: 629-634.

9.          Balagura, S. Neurochemical regulation of food intakes In: Integration of Endocrine and Non Endocrine Mechanisms in the Hypothalamus, (L.  Martini,   Ed.). Academic Press, 1970.

10.       Smith, D. F. & Balagura, S. The role of oropharyngeal factors in LiCl aversion.  J. Comp. Physiol.  Psychol., 1969, 69: 308-310.

11.        Smith, D. F., S. Balagura & M. Lubran.  Some effects of adrenalectomy on LiCl intake and excretion in the rat.  Amer.  J. Physiol., 1970, 218: 751-754.

12.       Balagura, S. & Devenport, L. Feeding patterns of normal and ventromedial hypothalamic lesioned male and female rats.  J. comp.-Physiol. Psychol.,

1970, 71: 357-364.

13.       Balagura, S. & Devenport, L. Taste preference: an apparatus for random and simultaneous pre-sentation of several solids and solutions.  Physiol.  Behav., 1970, 5: 375-376.

14.       Smith, D. F., S. Balagura & M, Lubran.  Antidotal thirst; A response to intoxication. Science, 1970, 167: 297-298.

15.       Balagura, S. & D. F. Smith.  The role of LiCl and environmental stimuli on the generalized learned aversion to NaCl in the rat, Amer. J. Physiol., 1970,

219: 1231-1235.

16.       Coscina, D. V. & Balagura, S. Avoidance and escape behavior of rats with aphagia produced by basal diencephalic lesions.  Physiol.  Behav., 1970, 59:


17.       Balagura, S. Book review: The Physiological Basis of Motivationg by Jack E. Hokanson.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1969.  The Quarterly Review of Biology,

1970, 45: 113-114.

18.       Balagura, S. & D. F. Smith.  External and internal stimulus control of the learned aversion for NaCl in the rat.  Proceedings, APA, 1970v 78th: 213-214.

19.       Kanner, M., S. Balagura & S. P. Grossman.  Effect of intrahypothalamic 2-deoxy-D-glucose on food intake.  Proceedings, APA, 1970t 78th: 215-216,

20.       Smith, D. F., S. Balagura & M. Lubran, Antidotal thirst and lithium excretion in rats with hypothalamic lesions.  Physiol.  Behav., 1971, 6: 209-213.

21.       Devenport, Le D. & S.  Balagura.  The lateral hypothalamus:  A re-evaluation of its function in motivated feeding behavior, Science, 1971, 172: 744-746.

22.       Balagura, S. & M. Kanner.  Hypothalamic sensitivity to 2-deoxy-D-glucose and glucose:  effects on feeding behavior. Physiol. Behav., 1971, 7: 251-255.

23.       Kanner, M. & S. Balagura.  Loss of feeding response to 2-deoxy-D-glucose by recovered lateral    hypothalamic rats.  Amer.  Zool,, 1971, 11; 624. 

24.       Coscina, D. V., L. D. Grant, S. Balagura &  S.P. Grossman.  Hyperdipsia after serotonindepleting midbrain lesions. Nature, New Biology, 1972, 235: 63-64.

25.       Balagura, S., J, Brophy & L. D. Devenport.  The modification of the learned aversion to NaCl by multiple experiences with LiCl.   J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol.,

1972, 8-1: 212-219.

26.       Smith, D. F. & S. Balagura.  The effect of lithium chloride on the electrolyte composition of cerebrospinal fluid of the rat.  Physiol.  Behav., 1972, .2; 261-262.

27.       Balagura, S., L. Harrell & N. Carlson.  Effects of size of food on food consumption: some neurophysiological considerations.  American Zoologist, 1972,

12: abst, 416.

28.       Balagura, S., T. Ralph & R. Gold.  Effect of electrical stimulation of diencephalic and mesencephalic structures on the generalized sodium chloride

aversion after lithium chloride poisoning.  The Physiologist, 1972, 15: 77.

29.       Balagura, S. Hypothalamic factors in the control of eating behavior.  In Hunger and Satiety in Health and Disease. (F.  Reichsman, Ed.).  New York:

S. Karger AG.  Adv. psychosom. Med., 1972, 7: 25-48.

30.      Balagura, S.   The Biopsychology of Hunger.  New York: Basic Books, 1973.

31-       Smith, D.F. & S. Balagura.  Sodium appetite in rats given lithium.  Life Science, 1972, 11: 1021-1029.

32.       Balagura, S. & T. Ralph.  The analgesic effect of electrical stimulation of the diencephalon and mesencephalon.  Brain Research, 1973, 60: 369-379.

33.     Balagura, S., L. Harrell & T. Ralph.  The modification by glucodynamic hormones of the recovery period following lateral hypothalamic lesions.

Science, 1973, 182: 59-60.

34.     Balagura, S. , L. Harrell & T. Ralph.  Modification of the recovery period following lateral hypothalamic lesions. Fed.  Proc., 1973, 32:  abstr. 926.

35.     Ralph, T. & S. Balagura.  The effect of intracraneal electrical stimulation on the primary learned aversion to LiCl and the generalized aversion to NaCl.

J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol., 1974, 86: 664-669.

36.       Balagura, S. & L. Harrell.  The lateral hypothalamic syndrome: its modification by obesity and leanness. Physiol. & Behav., 1974, 13: 345-347.

37.       Pellett, P.L., A. Srouji, L. Harrell & S. Balagura.  The effects of early malnutrition on free amino acids in the hypothalamus of the tat.  Fed Proc., 1974,

33: 651, abet. 2490.

38.       Balagura, S., L. Harrell, A. Srouji & P.L. Pellett.  The effects of early malnutrition on the recovery following lateral hypothalamic lesions. Fed.  Proc.,

1974, 33: 463, abet. 1421.

39.       Balagura, S. & L. Harrell.  Effect of size of food on food consumption: Some neurophysiological considerations. J. comp. Physiol. Psychol., 1974,

86: 658-663.

40.       Harrell, L., R. Raubeson & S. Balagura.  Acceleration of functional recovery following lateral hypothalamic damage by means of electrical stimulation in

the lesioned areas.  Physiol. & Behav., 1974, 12:  897-899.

41.       Harrell, L. & S. Balagura.  The effects of dark and light on the functional recovery following lateral hypothalamic lesions.  Life Science, 1974, 15: 2079-2087.

42.       Harrell, L. & S. Balagura.  The influence of ovarian hormones on the recovery period following lateral hypothalamic lesions.

J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol.,  1975, 88: 194-201.

43.       Balagura, S. & L. Harrell.  Neuroendocrine conditioning: conditioned feeding behavior following alterations in glucose utilization.

Amer.  J. Physiol. , 1975, 228: 392-396.

44.       Balagura, S., L. Harrell & E. Roy.  Effect of the dark-light cycle on neuroendocrine and     behavioral responses to scheduled  feeding.

Physiol. & Behav., 1975, 15: 245-247.

45.       Harrell, L., J.M. decastro & S. Balagura.  Critical evaluation of the body weight losses following lateral hypothalamic lesions.

Physiol.  Behav., 1975, 15: 133-136.

46.       Harrell, L. & S. Balagura.  Septal rage: mitigation by presurgical treatment with p-chlorophenylalanine.  Biochem.  Pharmacology & Behavior,

1975, 1: 157- 159.

47.      deCastro, J.M. & S. Balagura.  Meal patterning in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat.  Physiology & Behavior, 1975, 15: 259-263.

48.     Smith, D.F. & S. Balagura.  Taste and physiological need in vitamin C intake by Guinea Pigs.  Physiology and Behavior, 1975, 14: 545-549.

49.     Warner, K.E. & S. Balagura.  Intra-meal eating patterns of obese and non-obese humans.  J. comp.  Physiol.  Psychol., 1975, 89: 778-783.

50.       deCastro, J. & S. Balagura.  Fornicotomy: Effect on the primary and secondary punishment of mouse killing by LiCl poisoning.

Behav.  Biol., 1975, 13: 483-489.

51.     Sawchenko, P.E., T.L. Ralph & S. Balagura.  Effects of lateral and ventromedial hypothalamic lesions on gastric retention and intestinal transit.

Fed.  Proc., 1975, 34: 397, abstr. 1006.

52.     Balagura, S. & K. Mills.  Differential passive compliance of the stomach following self-ingested or intubated meals.  Fed.  Proc., 1975, 34: 373, abstr. 875.

53.     Harrell, L. & S. Balagura.  The effect of light and dark on the recovery period following lateral hypothalamic lesions.

Soc.  Neuroscience, 1974, 4:246, abstr. 275.

54.     Mufson, E., S. Balagura & W. Riss.  Pain-induced stimulus bound behavior in rate with lateral hypothalamic lesions.

Soc.  Neuroscience, 1975, 1:474 (abstr. 738).

55.     Balagura, S., M. Kanner & L.E. Harrell.  Modification of feeding patterns by glucodynamic hormones.  Behavioral Biology, 1975, 13: 457-465.

56.     deCastro, J.M. & S. Balagura.  Ontogeny of meal patterning in rats and its recapitulation during recovery from lateral hypothalamic lesions.

J. comp. ph-vsiol psychol., 1975, 89: 791-802.

57.     deCastro, J.M. & S. Balagura.  Insulin pretreatment facilitates recovery after dorsal hippocampal lesions. Ph.ysiology_and Behavior, 1976, 16: 517-520.

58.     decastro, J.M. &. S, Balagura.  Relationship between endogenous, natural feeding patterns and body composition in the rat. Physiology & Behavior, 1975,

15: 635-639.

59.     Mufson, E. J., S. Balagura & W. Riss.  Tail pinch-induced arousal and stimulus bound behavior in rats with lateral hypothalamic lesions: Further evaluation

of hypothalamic control of feeding and drinking.  Brain Behavior & Evolution, 1976, 13:154-164.

60.     Mufson, E. J., S. Balagura & W. Riss.  Degeneration in pathways to the pontine taste area in relation to aphagia and adipsia.  Soc.  Neuroscience, 1976,

305 (abstr. 436).

61.       deCastro, J. M. & S. Balagura.  A preprandial intake pattern in weanling rats ingesting a high fat diet.  Physiology & Behavior, 1976, 17:401-405.

62.       Balagura, S. Book Reviews, D. Novin, W. Wyrwicka & G. A. Gray (eds):  Hunger: Basic mechanisms and Clinical Implications.

N.Y.: Raven Press, 1976.  Brain, Behav. &  Evolution, 1977, 14:381-382.

63.       Kanner, M. & S. Balacjura.  Effect of selective vagotomy on feeding induced by hypothalamic or intraperitoneal 2-deoxy-D-glucose.

Fed.  Proc., 1978, 37:620  (abstr. 2148).

64.       Strodtbeck, F. L., M. Madsen, S. Balagura & J. Sparacino.  Olfactory attitudinal consistency and obesity.  J. Person.  Soc. Psychol., 19


65.       Balagura, S., L. Harrell &  J. M. deCastro.  Organismic states and their effect on recovery from neurosurgery: A new perspective with implications

for a general theory.  Brain Behavior & Evolution, 1978, 15:19-40.

66.       Balagura, S., J. H. Sher, L. P. Pertschuck, J. C. Vuletin & M. Tenner.  Hyperdipsia associated with hypothalamic-midbrain hemorrhage.

Surgical Neurology, 1977, 8: 273-276.

67.       Balagura, S., A. G. Frantz, E. M. Housepian & P. W. Carmel.  The specificity of serum prolactin as a diagnostic indicator of pituitary adenoma.

J. Neurosurg., 1979, 51:42-46.

68.       Balagura, S., K. Shulman & E. H. Sobel.  Precocious puberty of cerebral origin.  Surgical Neurol.., 1979, 11:315-326.

69.       Derome, P. J., G. Guiot, B. Georges, M. Porta, A. Visot & S. Balagura.  Surgical approaches to the sphenoidal and clival areas.

In: H. Krayenbuhl  (Ed.)Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, 1979, 6:101-136.

70.     Balagura, S. & R. G. Katz.  Undecussated innervation to the sternocleidomastoideus muscle: A reinstatement.  Annals Neurol., 1980, 7: 84-85.

71.      Aubourg, P. R., P. J. Derome, P. Peillon, C. P. Jedynak, A. Visot, P. LeGentil, S. Balagura & G. Guiot.  Endocrine outcome after

transsphenoidal  adenomectomy for prolactinoma: Prolactin level and tumor size as predicting factors.  Surgical Neurol., 1980, 14: 141-143.

72.       Tabaddor, K., S. Balagura.  Acute epidural hematoma following epileptic seizures.  Arch.  Neurol., 1981, 38:198-199.

73.      Balagura, S., P. Derome & G. Guiot.  Acromegaly: Analysis of 132 cases treated surgically.  Neurosurgery, 1981, 8:413-416

74.       Balagura, S., G. T. Tindall.  Technique of transsphenoidal microsurgery.  Contemp.  Neurosurg., 1981, 3 (24):1-4.

75.       Balagura, S. The treatment of patients with pituitary tumors.  J. Fl.  Med.  Assn., 1982, 69:509-512.

76.       Balagura, S. Lumbar diskectomy through small incisions.  Neurosurgery, 1982,11 : 784-785.

77.       Balagura, S. Current diagnosis and treatment of pituitary tumors.  Carle Selected Papers, 1983, 36: 7-12.

78.       Balagura, S. & W.A. Farris.  The treatment of Moyamoya disease by cerebroarteriosynangiosis.  Surg.  Neurol., 1985, 23: 270-274.

79.       Balagura, S. Late neurological dysfunction in adult lumbosacral lipoma with tethered cord.  Neurosurgery, 1984, 15: 724-726.

80.       Balagura, S. J.B. Carter & D.L. Gossett.  Surgical approach to the high subcranial internal carotid artery.  Neurosurgery, 1985, 16: 402-405.

81.      Balagura, S. & DC Kuo.  Spontaneous retraction of cerebellar tonsils after surgery for Arnold-Chiari malformation And posterior fossa cyst.

Surgical  Neurology, 1988, 29: 137 –140.

82.      Balagura, S. & D.J. Green.  Carotid Arteriosclerosis: Clinical Observations in a Midwestern Community (Report on 500 Patients).

83.     Balagura, S. & J.F. Neumann.  Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the  Postoperative Intervertebral Disk: The First Eight Months – Clinical and Legal Implications.  J. Spinal Disorders, 1993, 6:212-217.